Who Is CD

Jon Putnam

Jon PutnamJon Putnam founded Competition Dynamics as a platform for economic research and testimony at the intersection of intellectual property, competition, and international trade law.

Jon Putnam holds BA, MA and PhD degrees in economics from Yale University, where he specialized in international, macro and R&D economics. He received fellowships at Yale and Columbia Law Schools, and a Yale International and Area Studies fellowship for the study of European patent systems. Dr. Putnam’s PhD thesis, The Value of International Patent Rights, was the first to measure the global value of patent rights.

From 2001 to 2005, Dr. Putnam held a professorship in the Law and Economics of Intellectual Property at the Centre for Innovation Law and Policy, University of Toronto. Dr. Putnam has also held academic appointments at the Boston University Graduate School of Management, Columbia University Schools of Law and Business, Vassar College, and Yale College.

Among other publications, Dr. Putnam is the author of “Patent Valuation,” in The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (2008); “The Law and Economics of International Intellectual Property: A Primer,” in Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, vol. 2: Intellectual Property, Growth and Trade (2008); and is the editor of and a principal contributor to Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation in the Knowledge-Based Economy (2006).

Dr. Putnam has been retained in more than 100 consulting engagements and has testified more than 40 times in patent, antitrust, copyright, trade secret, contract and tax actions in federal, state and bankruptcy courts; before the US Federal Trade Commission, International Trade Commission, and Tax Court; in US and international arbitrations; and in regulatory proceedings in Canada and India.

Dr. Putnam regularly testifies in large-scale intellectual property litigation. Cases with more than $1 billion in controversy include:

  • Medtronic v Internal Revenue Service
  • Apple v Qualcomm
  • Idenix v Gilead Sciences
  • Ericsson v Huawei
  • Ericsson v Apple
  • Ericsson v Samsung
  • InterDigital v Samsung


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Ngoc Ngo


Ngoc NgoNgoc Ngo completed her PhD in Applied Economics with a focus on Industrial Organization at Northeastern University in 2019. Before her doctoral studies, Ngoc attended Bates College, where she graduated magna cum laude with a B.A. in Economics.

Ngoc’s PhD dissertation applied a modified version of the random-coefficient discrete choice model to quantify the impact of United Airlines’ decision to cease its hub operations at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport on consumer welfare and the firm’s profits. In general, Ngoc is passionate about working with data to formulate economic models to solve real-world problems.

Since joining CD, Ngoc has built models and conducted analyses related to damage calculation, valuation of new technologies and determining reasonable royalty terms in telecommunication and pharmaceutical industries. Ngoc is developing improved algorithms to rank patents and evaluate innovators’ patent portfolio; and has worked on various economic research to enhance methodologies used in Intellectual Property related litigation.
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Pinar Gencer


Pinar GencerPinar Gencer holds a PhD in Accounting from the University of Texas at Dallas and a Master’s degree in Finance from Sabanci University. She graduated summa cum laude from the Middle East Technical University, Department of Business Administration.

Pinar's research spans numerous practice areas. In her dissertation, Pinar investigated the economywide extent of corporate violations using data from 47 federal agencies as well as state agencies and class action lawsuits. She showed a previously undocumented link between incentives that stem from compensation plans and corporate compliance practices. Her work was one of the six invited papers in the Accounting area at the Harvard Business School Rising Scholars Conference in 2021.

Aside from research, Pinar taught Financial Accounting classes at the University of Texas at Dallas between 2019 and 2022. She is a CPA candidate and actively pursuing a CPA license in the state of Massachusetts.

Awo Bos


Awo BosAwo Bos joined CD in 2015 after graduating cum laude from Mount Holyoke College with a Bachelor’s Degree in Economics and French Studies. She subsequently took time off to complete a Master of Science Degree in Management Studies at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business, after which, she rejoined CD as an Analyst in 2018 and was promoted to Manager in 2022.

At CD, Awo performs complex analysis in the context of IP litigation support, and assists in the preparation of expert reports and trial testimony. Awo has worked on projects spanning diverse industries including biotech, telecom, pharma, and medical devices, with cases involving patent infringement, transfer pricing, patent misuse, among others. She has also performed extensive research on valuation methodologies for standard essential technologies. Awo’s day-to-day work involves financial and data analysis, patent valuations, qualitative research, as well as a number of other tasks.

Awo also brings with her experience from working in an entrepreneurial role at a consumer goods company in Ghana, where she managed different manufacturing and supply processes and teams, and performed activities related to client-management, marketing, sales and supply-chain management.

Will VanRenterghem

Senior Analyst

Will VanRenterghemWill VanRenterghem joined CD after graduating magna cum laude with a Bachelor of
Science Degree in Economics & Mathematics from Northeastern University in 2021. He
completed internships in public policy and investment management during his studies.
While at CD, Will has made valuable contributions to projects in the medical device,
semiconductor, and telecom industries, ranging from legal and technological research to
regression and other technical analysis. Additionally, he has assisted with internal
research projects regarding standard essential patents, and acts as a co-coordinator for
CD’s internal training program.

Will is interested in econometrics, industrial organization, and information economics.
He enjoys learning about the effects that intellectual property rights have in their
respective markets, as well as the current challenges surrounding the licensing and
protection of intellectual property. In the future, Will plans to pursue further studies and
opportunities in antitrust, consumer protection/advocacy, and other relevant fields.

Akhil Bandreddi


Akhil BandreddiAkhil Bandreddi joined CD after graduating magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in International Studies and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Applied Mathematics with academic concentrations in pure mathematics, applied statistics and conflict resolution from American University (AU) in 2022.

At AU, Akhil undertook research on a broad range of topics applying mathematical statistical techniques and machine learning. He used Bayesian inference to estimate population structures and genotype polyploids in a project related to bioinformatics and population genetics, and he used machine learning methods to understand what causes voters in states with established vote-by-mail systems to vote in person. His honors thesis used stochastic processes to understand innovation differences in developing and developed nations. He also interned as an analyst at the US Central Command of the Department of Defense.

Akhil is interested in further developing his skills in Bayesian statistics, machine learning, and stochastic modeling. He hopes to pursue a PhD in applied mathematics or statistics after gaining practical experience working on real world problems at CD.

Alex Canadell


Alex CanadellPreviously an Analyst Intern at CD during the summer of 2021, Alex Canadell joined our team as full-time Analyst after graduating in December 2021 from Babson College with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Administration, with academic concentrations in Economics & Data Analytics.

During his studies, Alex applied his analytical skills in other consulting internships, where he developed a value-based discriminatory pricing model for innovative drugs in the pharmaceutical industry. He has also developed other work in the intersection of economics, machine learning, and econometrics, such as prediction models for real estate asset pricing, wage-gap econometric studies and incentive mechanism-design for decentralized investment funds.

Alex is interested in econometrics, machine learning, microeconomics, game theory, and system-design. In the future, Alex would like to develop his field work in optimization methods for game-theory strategies in the financial and labor markets.

Hanlin Chen


Hanlin ChenHanlin Chen joined CD after graduating from Tufts University with a Masters of Science in Data Analytics. She also holds a Bachelor’s degree in Asset Appraisal with a minor in Applied Statistics from Shanghai University of International Business & Economics in Shanghai, China.

While in school, Hanlin completed multiple internships where she conducted market research and participated in due diligence to evaluate the values of a company for M&A projects in a consulting firm and performed data analysis to provide solutions on targeted marketing and sales in an IT company. At Tufts, she was a research associate in the Economics department on a project on gentrification in Suffolk County, MA and a teaching assistant in the Data Analytics department. At CD, Hanlin is already drawing on her analytics, economics, and appraisal knowledge to help her contribute to our research and project work.

In the future, Hanlin plans to further develop the skillset of data analytics and expand in the aspects of antitrust, intellectual property, patent protection, and other relevant fields.

Srushti Dhoke


Srushti DhokeSrushti Dhoke joined CD after graduating cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Economics & Mathematics and a minor in Business Administration & Management from Boston University in 2022.

While at university, Srushti was a founding member of various startups where she was required to manage potential partners, customers, and service providers while ensuring the startup’s offering was innovative and viable. She was also a teaching assistant in the Finance department at Boston University, an experience which equipped her with strong research and quantitative analysis skills.

Srushti developed a keen interest in microeconomic theory and empirical analysis during her studies; at CD she enjoys learning how these can be applied to real problems that clients face. Through her participation in the company’s project work and general research, Srushti is planning to expand her horizons and discover new interests, after which she is considering pursuing an advanced degree.

Xenia Vrettakou


Xenia VrettakouMetaxoula (Xenia) Vrettakou joined CD after graduating magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Economics from Boston University in 2021. While in school, she completed an internship with the Bank of Greece where she acquired new skills in data analysis and worked on publishing a research paper focusing on the effect of a 2nd wave of COVID-19 on the financial markets. In addition to her studies, while at BU, Xenia held various positions on campus where she developed management and organizational abilities – skills which are now allowing her to contribute to the CD team in a variety of ways.

At CD, Xenia would like to acquire new skills and experiences which will inform her decision regarding which advanced degree to pursue. At present, she’s considering a Master’s degree or a PhD in either economics or legal studies.


Zacharia Schell


Zacharia SchellZacharia Schell joined CD after graduating magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Economics & Business Administration from Gordon College in 2021. During his studies, he cultivated his passion for research and the truth that it reveals as well as his love for data and statistics. His coursework and internships, combined with his natural curiosity and passion for economics has allowed him to become an important member of CD’s analyst team, making a material contribution to our research and analysis from the beginning.

While at CD, Zacharia is gaining valuable skills and knowledge in a variety of economic and analytic areas. In the future, he plans to apply this experience in an academic setting as he pursues graduate study. One of Zacharia’s personal goals is to express his passion for data in an applied setting that has positive real-world consequences.


Lou Zetes

General Manager

Lou ZetesLou Zetes joined Competition Dynamics in 2016 as General Manager. Lou develops the firm's organizational structure and capabilities, manages our strategic talent acquisition and oversees the firm's day-to-day activities.

After a fifteen-year career in international banking at Citigroup, Credit Suisse and Goldman Sachs, Lou founded Market People, an executive search boutique specializing in the recruitment of front office investment banking staff. Lou brings that wealth of experience in high-performance business environments to Competition Dynamics.

Lou holds an MA in International Business from the University of South Carolina and a BA in German from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.


Kerri Lavertu Stamm

Director of Operations

Kerri Lavertu StammKerri Lavertu Stamm came to Competition Dynamics after spending nearly 8 years at Charles River Associates, where she worked in new business development/conflict administration. Before that, Kerri worked in client intake/conflict control at Ropes & Gray LLP.

Kerri has a degree in Elementary Education from St. Joseph’s College in Maine. In addition, she operated a successful photography business, Dave & Kerri Photography, for several years, and now focuses on her travel photography, which can be seen periodically in local galleries and in photography publications such as Shutter Magazine.

At CD Kerri handles all aspects of firm management including human resources, financial administration, AR/AP, as well as day-to-day business operations.


Jessica Powell

Operations Administrator

Jessica PowellJessica Powell first joined CD in 2014 and provided direct assistance to Jonathan Putnam and Kerri Lavertu Stamm as the company’s Administrative Assistant. During that time, she also contributed to CD’s projects as a Research Assistant.

In 2018, she left the company to pursue a degree at the State University of New York-New Paltz. In 2020, she graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. in Sociology and a concentration in Criminology. She is planning to attend the University of Massachusetts-Lowell in Spring 2022 to begin working on her master’s degree in Criminal Justice.

Jessica returned to CD in October of 2020. As the Operations Administrator, she assists with the various day-to-day business operations and financial administration. She also continues to provide direct support to CD’s management team.

Competition Dynamics, Inc

10 Federal Street, Suite 301
Salem, MA 01970